Cord blood is the blood remaining in the umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood is rich with stem cells, which are the building blocks of blood and immune systems in the body. Stem cells have the ability to become many other types of cells, so used to repair and maintenance of many other damaged cells in the body.
The body’s immune system and blood system also originate from stem cells. There are many convincing clinical evidences proving that stem cells from umbilical cord blood extended much farther than the blood forming and immune systems, and that they can differentiate themselves into brain, heart, liver and bone cells.
Currently, cord blood is being used to treat malignant diseases such as Leukemia, Lymphoma, Neuroblastoma and numerous other types of cancer. It is also being used to treat non-malignant diseases such as Aplastic Anemia Thalassemia, Congenital Cytopenia, Hunter Syndrome, Osteopetrosis, Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Sickle Cell Anemia, Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome and many others.
Before 1989, the only way to treat patients with leukemia, aplastic anemia, and some immune deficiency diseases, was Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Transplantation (in some cases). But with Bone Marrow there was a big problem that mostly patients do not find a suitable donor for bone marrow. But today you have another great option and that is Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation.
Stem cells divide to create:
*Red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the brain
*White blood cells, used in the body's immune system
*Platelets, which help blood clotting